Judo was originally created in 1882 by Jigoro Kano as a physical, mental and moral pedagogy in Japan. Jigoro Kano was the first President of the Olympic Committee in Japan. The International Judo Federation was established in 1951 and the European Judo Union - in 1952. Judo became an Olympic sport for men in the 1964 Games in Tokyo.

Judo practitioners traditionally wear white uniforms keikogi practice clothing or judogi, sometimes abbreviated in the West as "gi". A throw that places the opponent on his back with impetus and control scores an ippon, winning the contest. 

The women's event was introduced at the Olympics in 1988 as a demonstration event, and an official medal event in 1992. The international governing body for judo is the International Judo Federation (IJF), founded in 1951.