Basketball is a team sport in which two teams, most commonly of five players each, compete with the primary objective of shooting a ball through the defender's basket which is 3.05 m high. Games are played in four quarters of 10 or 12 minutes. Each team has the right to have a 2-minute break in the first three quarters and two breaks in the fourth quarter. There is a 15-minute break between the second and third quarters. 

There are limits imposed on the time taken before progressing the ball past halfway (8 seconds) before attempting a shot (24 seconds).

Basketball is one of world's most popular sports, and was invented in early December 1891 by James Naismith, a physical education professor and instructor in Springfield, Massachusetts. It is assumed that James Naismith invented basketball, inspired by the Tlahiotenie game played by the Maya peoples.